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Neurodevelopmental

Disorders

Neurodevelopmental disorders are neurologically based conditions that can interfere with the acquisition, retention and application of specific skills.

They may involve dysfunction in attention, memory, perception, language, problem-solving, or social interaction. Those disorders, presented from early-life, are usually life-long and can affect every day living.

These disorders may be mild and easily manageable with behavioural and educational interventions, or they may be more severe and affected children may require more support.

Examples of neurodevelopmental disorders in children include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, learning disabilities, intellectual disability (also known as mental retardation), conduct disorders, cerebral palsy, and impairments in vision and hearing.

The child will have delayed development milestones in one or more of the following areas:

  • Emotional

  • Behavioural

  • Motor skills (fine and gross)

  • Speech and language

  • Cognitive

  • Memory

  • Learning

  • Social and/or adaptive development (commonly referred to as self-help skills, e.g. toileting, dressing, feeding, etc.)

What can cause those disorders?

They probably result from a combination of biological, psychosocial, genetic and environmental risk factors.

Which are the most common risk factors?

Risk factors can have an impact on the child’s neurodevelopment. The most common risk factors including (but not limited to) lower socioeconomic status; preterm birth; maternal use of alcohol, tobacco or illicit drugs during pregnancy; low birthweight; the physical environment; and prenatal or childhood exposure to certain environmental contaminants.

When do the Neurodevelopmental disorders starts?

They start occurring from childhood, but have a tendency to persist. Those can have a negative impact on learning, participation and access to information and services, therefore preventing children from achieving their developmental potential.

 

How is the treatment for that?

 

Such treatment may involve a mixture of professional therapy, home- and school-based programs and also the use of pharmaceuticals.

 

How can TheChildrenTherapist help?

 

We recognise the importance of early interventions

and we offer support to families and other professionals,

through NPB approach strategies.

We favor the recovery of the child's development stages,

favoring his gradual passage

from experiences of movement, manipulation and body experimentation,

to the construction of emotional, relational and cognitive skills,

in full respect of the individual personality.

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